What makes lorazepam different from other benzodiazepines?
To really understand the difference between lorazepam and benzodiazepines we should really do an individual study on them separately. Let us first learn a bit about benzodiazepines.
What are benzodiazepines?
There are generally categorized as psychoactive drugs and they have a chemical structure of diazepam ring and the benzene ring. These drugs are known to improve the functioning of the amniobutyric acid. Consuming high doses may give rise dissociation and amnesia. When taken in the right dosage these help to relax the muscle and help to treat conditions like alcohol withdrawal, muscle spasms, seizures, agitation, insomnia, and anxiety.
Are benzodiazepines very safe?
When used for a short period of time these are very safe and there have not been any reports of nasty side effects whatsoever. If a person contemplates on using these drugs on a long-term basis consultation with the doctor is a must. Elderly people may suffer from short term and long term side effects if they are not careful while using these drugs.
When should someone consume benzodiazepines?
How does lorazepam act on the body?
- These drugs are usually given to people who are suffering from harsh side effects due to electroconvulsive therapy
- People suffering from high delirium could use these drugs to reduce the condition.
- Doctors often suggest these drugs to people who suffer from OCD.
- Since these drugs can eliminate anxiety people are administered these drugs before any major surgery.
Lorazepam is better known as Ativan. Doctors recommend people, who are suffering from high anxiety to take Ativan. Unlike the other benzodiazepines, this actually is more effective in curbing conditions like vomiting, nausea, seizures, lack of sleep and agitation. Lorazepam is always used for short intense treatments that span about 4 weeks only.
Some other facts about Lorazepam
Unlike some of the other benzodiazepines, lorazepam can be addictive and can cause the following conditions listed below.
- Cognitive impairments
- Withdrawal syndrome
Some of the withdrawal symptoms include psychosis, seizure, insomnia and anxiety. Some harsh side effects may also cause paradoxical effect, depression and loss of memory. Lorazepam can impair the balance of the body for elderly people.
Additional information on Lorazepam
If a person happens to overdose on the drug it is not fatal, but if the overdose happens with alcohol then things may turn really serious and nasty. Doctors always suggest that their patients stay off the alcohol while taking these drugs. Synergistic effects on the adverse end may take place when you consume other drugs like hypnotics and opioids with; lorazepam. The drug will also interact if taken with rifabutin. It is seen that Valproate may curb the metabolism of the drug and on the other hand rifampin, phenytoin, Phenobarbital, lamotrigine and carbamazepine enhance the metabolism.
So by now it is evident that even though Lorazepam is a kind of benzodiazepine it is far more effective than the others in this category. The drug is very safe provided you have the dosage worked out by an experienced doctor.